Hong Kong police on Thursday entered a ransacked university campus where authorities faced off for days with barricaded pro-democracy protesters, gathering a huge haul of petrol bombs and other dangerous materials.

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University became the epicentre of the territory’s increasingly violent protest movement when clashes broke out on November 17 between police and protesters armed with bows and arrows as well as Molotov cocktails.

The standoff settled into a tense stalemate during which hundreds fled the campus — some making daring escapes, others caught and beaten by officers during failed breakouts — leaving a dwindling core of holdouts surrounded by police cordons.

AFP /Hong Kong protests

But in recent days, the last few people barricaded in the campus seemed to disappear.

University staff said they were only able to find a single protester on campus and reporters there struggled to see any major presence in the last 48 hours.

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Late Wednesday, a lone masked man spoke to journalists inside the campus and said that some 20 protesters remained.

AFP / ANTHONY WALLACEIn recent days, the last few people barricaded in the campus seemed to disappear

But there was no sign of them on Thursday morning when police and firefighters moved in, 11 days after the siege began, for what was billed as an operation to secure dangerous objects now littering the once placid campus and to collect evidence.

During the November 17 battle, the sheer volume of petrol bombs thrown by protesters succeeded in stopping police officers and crowd control vehicles from breaking through the barricades, forcing the stalemate that led to the siege.

– Molotovs and smashed Starbucks –

Explosives experts went from room to room followed by a gaggle of reporters, passing walls daubed with graffiti insulting the city’s police force and calling for greater freedoms under Chinese rule.

Officers gathered a rapidly growing pile of items in a courtyard, from half-full jerry cans of petrol, to Molotovs made out of wine bottles and various chemicals in brown glass bottles.

Crime scene investigators could be seen dusting multiple objects for fingerprints, including cars parked in a basement that had been emptied of petrol from their tanks.

Police later said they had recovered nearly 4,000 “petrol bombs”, over 550 bottles of corrosive chemicals and 12 bows with 200 arrows, among other items.

They said an operation to secure dangerous items on campus would be finished on Friday, when they expect to remove a police cordon that has blocked entry and exit to the university for days.

Police spokesman Chow Yat-ming said the priority for Thursday’s operation was not the arrest of any holdouts who might still be hiding.

AFP / NICOLAS ASFOURISwathes of the campus resemble an abandoned battleground covered in debris, barricades and the shattered bottles of Molotov cocktails

“The objective is not about people, it’s about the dangerous items on campus,” he told reporters. “But if we encounter any protesters or any person remaining inside then we’ll try to convince them to seek medical treatment.”

The university now faces a mammoth clean-up operation.

Swathes of the red-brick campus resemble an abandoned battleground covered in debris, barricades and the shattered bottles of Molotov cocktails and the university management said in a statement late Thursday that conditions were “more complex than expected.”

A foul odour from rotting food in a canteen and overflowing garbage bins permeated parts of the campus.

AFP / Anthony WALLACEAuthorities are looking for explosives and other dangerous materials left over from the occuption of the campus by protesters

A Starbucks on site has been trashed, its windows broken and counters daubed with graffiti.

On Wednesday, university leaders called for the police to end their siege and for the government to help with the disposal of dangerous materials.

– Huge protests –

Hong Kongers have protested in huge numbers over the last six months, fuelled by years of growing fears that authoritarian China is stamping out the city’s liberties.

Violence spiralled as Beijing and local leaders refused major concessions and the police were used to break up rallies on a daily basis.

Arrests have skyrocketed in recent weeks.

On Wednesday, security minister John Lee told lawmakers that some 5,800 people have been arrested since the protests first began in early June, with 923 charged so far. The arrests have ramped up in recent months.

Beijing and Hong Kong leader Carrie Lam have argued that a “silent majority” still supports the establishment, but that narrative was smashed by district council elections on Sunday which saw a landslide win for pro-democracy candidates.